Rhino Mocks

Am I Just Getting Lazy?

So I have been working on simplifying the Rhino Mock code base for a little while now and have been making good progress. While I have no empirical data yet, I fully expect this simplified code base to be faster and easier to understand.

It has been really interesting watching some of the core concepts shift from being “in your face” to a more subtle “nudge” as the code is simplified. For instance; generating a Strict mock versus a Dynamic, Stub or Partial mock. There are some very important concepts behind choosing the right “type” but what are they and how are they presented?

This has actually caused confusion in the past… and rightly so. A Strict mock is one where any method call that has not had an expectation set will throw an exception. A Dynamic mock is one where only those methods that have had expectations set are verified. Those methods that have no expectations simply return default values. A Stub mock acts just like a Dynamic mock but does not perform any verifications. A Partial mock… well… gives you the ability to call the original method as long as it isn’t abstract (and is virtual of course).

While this is a greatly simplified overview, it identifies a few problems.

In my mind a Strict mock is a verification concern and not a generation (or creation) decision. When expectations are being verified I should have the option to perform the verification strictly or not. The type of mocked object shouldn’t dictate that choice.

[Test]
public void Strict_Verification() {
  var mock = MockRepository.Mock<IPerson>();
  mock.Expect(x => x.GetName())
    .Return("Mike");

  mock.GetName();
  mock.GetAge();

  mock.VerifyExpectations(VerificationType.Strict);
}

In my mind a Stub mock is an expectation concern rather than a generation decision. Either you are setting up an expectation or you are stubbing out the method.

[Test]
public void Stub_A_Stub() {
  var mock = MockRepository.Mock<IPerson>();
  mock.Stub(x => x.GetName())
    .Return("stub?");

  mock.Expect(x => x.GetAge())
    .Return(1);

  mock.GetName();

  mock.VerifyExpectations();
}

If Stub is removed as a “type” of mock object then we also get the added benefit of eliminating the confusion around when to call Expect and when to call Stub. If both Strict and Stub are removed, does Dynamic make any sense?

The Partial mock is the "most correct” decision that needs to be made when creating a mocked object. A Partial mock is a mixture between a concrete class and a derived proxy class that allows me to choose to execute the base method or “mock it away.” A Partial mocked object, however, should be the only type which would expose the CallOriginalMethod method.

[Test]
public void Partial_Person() {
  var mock = MockRepository.Partial<Person>();
  mock.Stub(x => x.CalculatePayRate(Arg<int>.Is.Anything))
    .CallOriginalMethod();

  var rate = mock.CalculatePayRate(35);

  Assert.AreEqual(11.25, rate);
}

Through simplification of the code Rhino Mocks will now only offer two options to create a mocked object: Mock and Partial. None of the core concepts have been removed but they have been muted a little.

The thing I need to figure out now is whether or not I arrived at this decision because I am too lazy to implement those different “types” or because it makes more sense… maybe a little bit of both.

Advertisements
Standard

One thought on “Am I Just Getting Lazy?

  1. Pingback: Dew Drop – August 13, 2013 (#1,602) | Alvin Ashcraft's Morning Dew

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s